- Агуулгын шошго

C- Buggy Car

Unveiled in Madrid in May 2006, C-Buggy is a fresh take on the leisure supermini.

A small off-roader with a strong personality and original architecture, C-Buggy boasts a modern design of flowing lines. It is clearly a car in symbiosis with its environment.

C-Buggy goes on show alongside C-AirPlay, unveiled at the Bologna Motor Show last year. The resemblance is clear, although C-Buggy is more of a fun, go-anywhere type of car.

Through these vehicles, Citroлn is demonstrating dynamic performance and creativity, based on coherent styling and values.

Looking for new sensations of space and freedom
The architecture of this two-seater is very much open to the outside world. The absence of a roof and windscreen provides new sensations of total freedom. The occupants are in direct contact with the air and the elements. They can take full advantage of the vehicle's environment, since their field of vision is unhampered. Rather than conventional doors, C-Buggy features wide openings on the body sides. The objective is to bring passengers a new visual perspective, in direct contact with the ground, so that they can better understand its characteristics. These cut-outs in the body sides also make it possible to integrate sills for easy vehicle access.
Essential on-board information is placed directly in the driver's line of vision, with fixed central controls on the steering wheel. The instrument cluster, of graphic modern design, groups the speedometer, rev counter, fuel gauge and indicator lights.
A digital personal stereo, placed at the front of the gearbox console, is connected to loudspeakers positioned under the dashboard using Bluetooth technology. Passengers can thus listen to music on board or take it with them when they set out on their explorations.

Studied design, playing on materials and contrasts
C-Buggy plays on contrasts. A first glance reveals several facets of its character. Although the look of its untreated metal bodywork brings to mind the shiny shell of an insect, the cabin, although minimalist, is astonishingly light, luxurious and functional. The acid yellow cockpit, with grained leather on the dashboard, inner side panels and seats, is a response to the smooth metal reflections of the bodywork.
Extensive studies were conducted on the exterior finish of the bodywork. The idea was for the metal to evolve with time, and to play on the sheen of the material through oxidisation of the metal.
Compact and round, C-Buggy is powerful and reassuring, dynamic and friendly. Going straight to the essential, it creates an unusual complicity between man and machine, for the benefit of the driver

A car without borders
Designed on a modular chassis with permanent 4WD and a limited-slip rear differential, C-Buggy is a real 4WD that is both nimble and powerful. Equipped with a 1.6l petrol engine developing 155 bhp at 8,000 rpm, mounted on generously sized 17-inch wheels, C-Buggy makes light work of all types of terrain, offering a level of driveability that is commensurate with its potential.
Weighing just 850 kg unladen, C-Buggy makes the most of the power transmitted by the engine to the four wheels.
A futuristic, go-anywhere sort of car, C-Buggy is the essential partner for all those looking for new forms of freedom.

The ideal partner for exploration and adventure
Although C-Buggy is an invitation to venture off the beaten path and explore new domains, it nevertheless sets high standards of safety for the occupants. The two seats are fitted with harnesses, airbags and a roll cage. These features, along with the grab handles and robust, enveloping bodywork, all help to ensure maximum safety, whatever the conditions of use. To further illustrate the ability of C-Buggy to strike out in discovery of unchartered territory, a compass is clearly visible on the top of the dashboard, in front of the passenger.
C-Buggy is also practical and functional. Its stiff foot wells feature a central plug for easy cleaning and drainage of water. The sills and honeycomb-structure mats provide strong grip while effectively cleaning the soles of passengers' shoes. Last, a boot is provided to safely store all the equipment required by passengers for their expedition.

Technical characteristics

Length: 3.45 m
Width: 1.91 m
Height: 1.34 m  
Wheelbase: 2.24 m
Unladen weight: 850 kg

1.6l petrol engine developing 155 bhp at 8,000 rpm

Permanent four-wheel drive and limited-slip differential

5-speed gearbox with reverse gear

© 2006 Julian Marsh/Citroenet/SA Automobiles Citroen

Dune buggy
A dune buggy is a recreational vehicle with large wheels, and wide tires, designed for use on sand dunes, beaches, or desert recreation. It is called a "Beach Buggy" in the United Kingdom, Ireland and many other English speaking countries. The design is usually a modified vehicle and engine mounted on an open chassis. The modifications usually attempt to increase the power-to-weight ratio by either lightening the vehicle or increasing engine power or both. Dune buggies designed specifically for operation on open sand are called sand rails.

A similar, more recent generation of off-road vehicle, often similar in appearance to a sand rail but designed for different use, is the "off road go-kart". The difference may be little more than fitting all-terrain tires instead of sand tires and the much smaller size of the engine.

    1 Design
    2 Function
    3 Driverless cars
    4 Military buggies
    5 Tube-framed buggies
    6 Fiberglass dune buggies
    7 See also
    8 References


Dune buggies are usually created using one of three methods.

The first involves alteration of an existing vehicle, most notably the original car or chassis, often a Volkswagen Beetle or a purpose-built chassis. The model is nicknamed Bug, therefore the term "buggy". The Beetle automobile platform is preferred for a variety of reasons. Most significant is the position of the rear mounted Volkswagen engine, which with removal of bodywork transfers a high proportion of the weight to the rear driven wheels for extra traction. The engine is air cooled, simplifying engine modification, and the absence of a radiator eliminates a source of failure. The low price; robustness of the front suspension; and the sizable quantity of spare parts from other VW Beetles and Type 2 (Microbus) are a further advantage. Chevrolet Corvair engines are also a popular way to upgrade to 6 cylinders and sometimes vehicles are fitted with turbochargers to provide as much as 180 horsepower (130 kW). For example, one such conversion was a 1970 Manx 2 on a 1961 VW chassis. It was fitted with a 180 hp (130 kW) turbocharged Corvair engine, with reverse rotation, mated to a VW transaxle.

The second method involves construction of a vehicle frame from scratch; formed and welded using steel tubing. The advantage of this method is that the fabricator can change fundamental parts of the vehicle (usually the suspension and addition of a built-in roll cage). Buggies of this type are called sandrails because of the rail frame. Sandrails, as with the VW Bug, often have the engine located behind the driver. Sizes can vary from a small-engine one-seat size to four-seat vehicles with eight or more cylinders. Sandrails can have panels or custom-shaped body coverings over frame, though many are left bare.

The third method represents a mix of the above two design philosophies, typically constructed from a converted vehicle that has sustained damage from age, hard use, or accidents. This type of creation is called The Boston-Murphy style.
Initially dune buggies were designed for navigating desert or beaches (hence use of the word "dune" or "beach"). However, dune buggies have become more diversified in terms of the terrain they can handle and are being built for more generic off road tasks, such as CORR / SCORE indoor track racing. Some are even built for and used as on-road vehicles. Typically the function is determined before the buggy is created in order to maximize the comfort or abilities of the vehicle.

Although dune buggies can be bought (as a kit), many drivers make their own. This is done by separately buying chassis, engine, tires, steering wheel, and axles. Some builders make their own chassis, which creates a special, customized vehicle.

A 1961 or later Volkswagen sedan is the preferred donor to create a Dune Buggy. The VW Type 2, Type 3 and Type 4 do not make good donor cars: however, the engine, transaxle, wheels, and instruments can be used from these models.

Other parts that can be salvaged from a donor VW for use in a Dune Buggy include the front axle and suspension, frame, pedal assembly, shock absorbers, seats, battery, fuel tank (1961 or later), steering column, brakes, instruments and switches, windshield wiper, horn and emergency flasher unit.
3.Driverless cars
Driverless buggy

Some driverless cars have also been made based on a buggy.
4.Military buggies
Because of the obvious advantages a buggy can afford on some terrain, they are also used by the military. The buggies built for the United States military used to be called Desert Patrol Vehicles (DPV) or Fast Attack Vehicles (FAV), and with the latest improvements are known as Light Strike Vehicles (LSV). They are used by United States Navy SEALs, the SAS, and other forces.

In the United Kingdom, the SAS have always used cut-down, light-weight all terrain vehicles for secret special operations "behind the lines" since early in World War II. The SAS and other elite UK forces call them "Pink Panthers".

LSVs are built by Chenowth Racing Products, Inc., a San Diego-based company that sells them solely to the government. The newest version is the ALSV or Chenowth Advanced Light Strike Vehicle.
5.Tube-framed buggies
The most common form of non-racing buggy consists of a purpose-built tube frame chassis, which is sturdy and simple to construct and repair. Steel tubing is preferred to pipe (pipe is rolled and welded, whereas tubing is mandrel drawn, giving it consistent wall thickness and superior strength.

Engine size varies depending on the suspension, frame strength and performance needs. Engine size has varied from 50 cc for small light buggies to 7-liter engines and up, designed for professional racing. Dune buggies use both automatic and manual transmissions, sometimes based on application and engine power, but often based simply on personal choice.
6.Fiberglass dune buggies
Dune buggies with glass-reinforced plastic (fiberglass) bodies come in many shapes and sizes. Many companies worldwide have attempted to copy the original fiberglass dune buggy, the "Meyers Manx" built by Bruce Meyers. They can be seen on TV shows such as Wonderbug and Speed Buggy. These types of dune buggies are known as "clones".
Bugre II, a Brazilian buggy made in the early 1970s

A few varieties of the earliest "kit cars" have been vehicles that use the dune buggy philosophy of substituting significant amounts of a car with custom parts to resemble production, modified, or prototype cars. For instance: American Fiberglass Product’s “Humbug” has similar features to a classic Corvette, Berry’s “Mini-T” was a nod to the Ford Model T, or BMB Automotive’s “Surviver” is a scaled down version of the Lamborghini Cheetah.

    Bruce Meyers behind the wheel of the first Manx

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